Root Canal Treatment
Root canal treatment is also known as endodontic therapy, endodontic treatment, or root canal therapy. It consists of series of treatments including removal of the pulp tissue, filing, and shaping of root canals, obturation of root canal space, and placement of permanent restoration for the tooth.
It is used to treat infection at the center of the tooth.it is not painful and can save a tooth that would otherwise be removed completely.
It is done in patients who have severe pain while chewing/biting or has a pustule over the gums or swollen /tender gums indicating root infection/collection of pus in the root.it is also done in deep decaying/darkening of gums, sensitivity to hot/cold even after the sensation has been removed, and chipped or cracked tooth.
It involves the removal of infected pulp, disinfection of canal and the subsequent shaping, cleaning, and decontamination of the hollows with small files and irrigating solutions followed by obturation (filling) of the decontaminated canals.
Filling of the cleaned and decontaminated canals is done with an inert filling such as gutta-percha and typically a Zinc Oxide based cement. Epoxy resin is employed to bind gutta-percha in some root canal procedures.